Understand your mortgage options and get preapproved
There are a variety of mortgage options available to borrowers. You could get a fixed-rate loan (where the interest rate stays the same for the life of the loan) or an adjustable-rate loan (where the interest rate changes with the market). The payments could be spread out over 15 or 30 years, and the amount you borrow depends on how much money you saved for a down payment. If you’re a little confused, don’t worry. This is why meeting with a local lender is beneficial. They will walk you through all the mortgage options and review your financial situation to determine the best fit and, most importantly, make sure you stick to your budget. Your first meeting with a mortgage lender typically includes a prequalification, which gives you a ballpark estimate of how much you may be able to borrow toward your new home. You’ll need to complete a preapproval prior to making an offer on a home. While the prequalification is just an estimate, the preapproval is an in-depth analysis of your financial stability and creditworthiness and tells you the loan amount you can expect to be offered to you.
Download our Mortgage Application Checklist for a list of the financial information you’ll need to bring to your meeting with a mortgage lender for your preapproval: Download our Mortgage Application Checklist
Start the hunt and select a home
What to consider when picking your home
Now begins the fun part—the actual hunt for your home! Determining what features are important to you in a home will help narrow down your options. While the home’s physical features like square footage and floor plan are important, there are additional, less common factors to consider that may surprise you. Things like the neighborhood, outdoor maintenance, and flood zone risk are just as crucial and may help you eliminate certain homes. To help organize your thoughts and refine your search, make a list of your needs (the things you absolutely can’t negotiate on) along with your wants (the things that would be nice to have). Work through this checklist as you walk through a home. You’ll likely see many houses during your hunt and creating a list that you can later reflect on could help you make a selection.
While house hunting, keep your finances in top shape. Avoid things like taking on more debt or switching jobs that could impact your finances and your chances at getting approved for a mortgage. Read more in our tips for homebuyers blog post that lists our advice for a smooth home purchase experience.
Make an offer
Once you’ve found “the one” (the home you obsess, dream, and have mentally moved into), it’s time to make the home yours. After determining the starting amount you’ll offer, your real estate agent will put together paperwork to deliver to the seller’s agent. This is when having a preapproval is crucial to help strengthen your offer and give you an edge over other buyers. From here, the buyer will either accept or decline your offer, or even counteroffer. This negotiation will continue until the buyer and seller reach a deal or until one or both parties walks away.
Read our advice straight from a first-time homebuyer for tips about the entire homebuying process from start to finish: Straight from the Homebuyer’s Mouth—Advice from a First-Time Homebuyer
The home stretch to homeownership
Final walk-through and closing
All your bags are packed and you’re ready to go, right? There are two last steps to complete before you can officially cross your home’s threshold and move in: the walk-through and closing. The walk-through happens before closing, and is usually completed 24 hours to a week prior to the closing date. This is where you give the almost-yours home a final check to make sure any negotiated repairs are done and the home’s condition hasn’t changed since you last saw it. Once that’s complete you will attend the closing—the day you become the legal owner of your home. Learn more about what to expect on closing day on our blog.
Set up insurance and utilities
It’s not the most glamorous part of being a new homeowner but is very important: setting up insurance and switching utilities into your name. Both should be set up before you move in, but you’ll need to set up homeowner’s insurance even earlier for closing day. Mortgage lenders require insurance before you sign on the dotted line because they want to ensure that their investment—aka, your home—is well protected. Typically you will pay for the first year’s premium at closing, and this amount will be folded into the closing costs. After that, homeowner’s insurance will be paid from your mortgage escrow account, which the mortgage lender sets up and manages to ensure homeowner’s insurance and property taxes are paid. This account is funded by you via your mortgage payment with a predetermined amount set aside each month. Utilities like electricity, water and sewer, gas, internet and cable, and trash should be established before you move in so you aren’t stuck without working lights or hot water the first night in your home. Contact the utility companies a couple weeks before you move in to allow plenty of time to switch the service into your name.
Leverage your home’s equity
Once the honeymoon phase of being in a new home wears off, you may start looking around and noticing a few things that could be improved. Perhaps the deck could use a redo, or the kitchen is lacking a few amenities that would be nice to have. Enter home equity. Home equity is the difference between the appraised value of your home and the amount you still owe on your mortgage. That difference in value can be borrowed in the form of home equity loans or home equity lines of credit. You can use home equity for a variety of purposes, including home improvement, college tuition, and more. And the beauty is that you don’t have to wait to use it. You can access your home’s equity as soon as you close on your home. There are other ways to fund home improvements, and we’ve covered those in our funding tips blog post.
Refinance your mortgage to save
A strategy that could potentially save you hundreds of dollars per year is to refinance your mortgage. This tactic works by applying for a new mortgage to replace the existing one, usually with a lower rate and/or shorter term. Doing this can reduce your monthly mortgage payment, which frees up extra cash for home improvements, savings and investments, and other uses. The best way to determine if a mortgage refinance is a wise financial move is to meet with a mortgage lender. The process is similar to when you bought a home in that they will walk you through your options and calculate your potential savings.